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1st International Conference Postgraduate School Universitas Airlangga : "Implementation of Climate Change Agreement to Meet Sustainable Development Goals" (ICPSUAS 2017) abstract and paper. Suggested reviewers maybe from Indonesia or abroad. Reviewers must not be in a conflict of interest with the Authors. Universitas Airlangga ensure the effective management of conflict of interest of any participant in the review process.

Note: Reviewers must be able to evaluate the Authors in the language in which it is written. The Director of Conference have the right to make the final selection of reviewers for any Authors.

 

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The presentations that make up the current and archived conferences on this site have been made open access and are freely available for viewing, for the benefit of authors and interested readers.

 

About Universitas Airlangga

Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR or UA) is the second-oldest university in Indonesia. Located in Surabaya, East Java, it was established in 1948 as a distant branch of the University of Indonesia, with roots dating back to 1913. It started with a medical school and school of dentistry. Now Universitas Airlangga hosts 15 faculties with more than 25,000 students (during the 2009–2010 academic year) and 1,570 faculty members.

Consistently ranked highly in major world university rankings, Universitas Airlangga have long been considered as one of the "Big 5" university in Indonesia, along with University of Indonesia, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, and Gadjah Mada University.

Universitas Airlangga has international partnerships worldwide, including with University of Bonn, Seoul National University, and University of Adelaide.

The QS Asian University Ranking 2014 have placed Universitas Airlangga as the best university in "Citations per paper" category. In 2010, Universitas Airlangga was ranked 466th worldwide according to the Top 500 QS World University Rankings 2010, as well as ranked 86th in the Top 200 QS Asian University Rankings 2011 (third in Indonesia after University of Indonesia and Gadjah Mada University). In the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities 2011, Universitas Airlangga was placed fourth in Indonesia and 22nd in the Southeast Asia region.

Universitas Airlangga has two internationally standardized quality management certificates for its management quality. For this reason, Universitas Airlangga has been the destination of foreign students who studies in Indonesia, particularly from Malaysia, Japan, Timor Leste, China, Thailand and some other European and African countries.

The Faculty of Pharmacy and Faculty of Medicine are among the best life science schools in Indonesia, ranked 45th in Asia and 356th in the world by QS World University Rankings 2011. The Faculty of Medicine's is affiliated with the Dr. Soetomo Regional General Hospital, the biggest hospital in Eastern Indonesia and one of the central referral-hospital in Indonesia.

 

About Postgraduate School

Postgraduate School Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) is the continuation of undergraduate programs. It is intended for students who would like to pursue higher education in master and doctoral degrees. The programs are generally multi-disciplinary to answer multi-dimensional problems in the society. There are 12 programs, either master or doctoral programs. Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) has produced alumni who hold strategic position in many fields, both in government and private institutions.

Postgraduate studies in Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) was actually started since its establishment on November 10, 1954. Promotion to get the title of doctor was given for the first time in 1959 and from 1959 to 1976 UNAIR had produced 10 doctors. At that time to get the title of doctor, the program was open or undetermined.

As of 1976, a doctoral program was developed and funded by Doctoral Program Management Team (TMPD) and master program (S2) with three programs, Basic Medical Science, Dental Science, and Law, followed by Economics Program (1981), Public Health Program (1982) and Pharmacy Program (1983).

Initially, it was named Faculty of Postgraduate based on government regulations, PP No. 5/1980 and PP No.27/1981. But, it could only run after the Dean was appointed based on Ministrial Decree, Kepmendikbud Number: 23497/C/I/1983 dated March 10, 1983. So, the Faculty of Postgraduate UNAIR was officially established in 1983 and the activities started in the beginning of academic year, September 1983.

In 1991, Faculty of Postgraduate became Postgraduate School. It was based on a ministrial decree, Kepmendikbud RI No. 0311/O/1991 on the closing of Faculty of Postgraduate and the opening of Postgraduate School in State University and Institute and authorized by Rectoral Decree UNAIR Number  2444/PT03.H/E/1992 on the closing of Faculty of Postgraduate and the opening of Postgraduate School in Universitas Airlangga.

Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) currently only manages multidisciplinary master and doctoral programs while the interdisciplinary and monodisciplinary master and doctoral programs are managed by each faculty. This management scheme is based on Rectoral Decree Number 1947/H3/KR/2011 on Program Scope of Monodisciplinary, Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary.

Since February 24, 2012, Postgraduate school manages 10 master multidisciplinary programs (Forensics Science, Immunology, Human Resources Development, Laws and Development, Islamic Economics, Fisheries and Biotechnology, Police Science Studies, Intellectual Property Right Studies, Disaster Management, and Technobiomedics) and two doctoral programs (Human Resources Development and Islamic Economics). Therefore, there are currently 12 programs in Postgraduate School.

 

About International Conference

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) officially known as a set of Global Goals that spreadheaded by the United Nations (UN). In September 2015 the UN members met at the United Nations and adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from the poposal to be as a final document. That final document contained 17 goals that covering a broad range of sustainable development issues. These goals included ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change and protecting nature resources.

Nowadays, the fact that as in many middle income countries, reducing inequality is an urgent issue for the government to tackle, which is strongly reflected the national development plans and focused in the economic and social policy planning of Indonesia.

The Indonesian Government played a significant role in developing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and was a leader among middle income countries in the negotiations that took place at the UN over the last few years. At the international level, Indonesia has also made very strong commitments to decent works and played a critical role in ensuring the issues above were included in the SDGs.

In the meantime, global economic conditions have deteriorated and this will make the achievement of the SDGs, and in particular Goal 8, more challenging in all countries. In Indonesia, the Government has recognised that the country is once again at a critical cross-road in its economic and social development. External factors including the economic slowdown in China, plummeting commodity prices and pronounced volatility in Asian financial markets has led to concerns about future growth and employment prospects.

The SDGs outlining 17 goals that include following :

  1. No Poverty – End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
  2. Zero Hunger – End hunger,, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
  3. Good Health and Well-being – Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
  4. Quality Education – Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
  5. Gender Equality – Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
  6. Clean Water and Sanitation – Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
  7. Affordable and Clean Energy – Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth – Promote sustainer, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
  9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure – Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
  10. Reduced Inequalities – Reduce income inequality within and among countries.
  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities – Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
  12. Responsible Consumption and Production – Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
  13. Climate Action – Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by regulating emissions and promoting developments in renewable energy.
  14. Life Below Water – Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
  15. Life on Land – Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
  16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions – Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
  17. Partnerships for the Goals – Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.
To initiate the meetings among the scientist, government and stakeholders and to discuss policy recommendations for Indonesia, the Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga proudly present and organize an International Conference Postgraduate School Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.

 

 

About Surabaya

Surabaya (Indonesian pronunciation: [surəˈbaja]) (formerly DutchSoerabaja/Soerabaia), is the capital of Jawa Timur (East Java), located on northeastern Java island and along the edge of the Madura Strait and the second-largest-city in Indonesia. At the 2010 census, the city had a population over 2.8 million, approximately 6 million as metropolitan, and an 'extended metropolitan area', with more than 9 million inhabitants in several cities and approximately 50 districts spread over non-contiguous urban areas including Gresik, Sidoarjo, Mojokerto and Pasuruan regencies, and locally known as Gerbangkertosusila[1] The national government recognizes only the metropolitan area (Surabaya, Gresik and Sidarjo) as Greater Surabaya (Zona Surabaya Raya) with a population of 6,484,206 (2010), making Surabaya now the third largest metropolitan area in Indonesia, after Greater Jakarta and Greater Bandung.

The city is known as Kota Pahlawan "city of heroes" due to the importance of the Battle of Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution. Surabaya was once the largest city in Dutch East Indies and virtually the center of trading in the nation, exceeding those of Batavia, competing with the likes of Shanghai and Hong Kong.

Surabaya (Suroboyo) is locally believed to derive its name from the words "suro" (shark) and "boyo" (crocodile), two creatures which, in a local myth, fought each other in order to gain the title of "the strongest and most powerful animal" in the area. It was said that the two powerful animals agreed for a truce and set boundaries; that the shark's domain would be in the sea while the crocodile's domain would be on the land. However one day the shark swam into the river estuary to hunt, this angered the crocodile, who declared it his territory. The Shark argued that the river was a water-realm which meant that it was shark territory, while the crocodile argued that the river flowed deep inland, so it was therefore crocodile territory. A ferocious fight resumed as the two animals bit each other. Finally the shark was badly bitten and fled to the open sea, and the crocodile finally ruled the estuarine area that today is the city.[3]

Another source alludes to a Jayabaya prophecy — a 12th-century psychic king of Kediri Kingdom — as he foresaw a fight between a giant white shark and a giant white crocodile taking place in the area, which is sometimes interpreted as a foretelling of the conflict between the forces of the Mongol and those of Raden Wijaya's Majapahit in 1293.[4] The two animals are now used as the city's symbol, with the two facing and circling each other, as depicted in a statue appropriately located near the entrance to the city zoo.

Alternate derivations proliferate: from the Javanese "sura ing baya", meaning "bravely facing danger";[4] or from the use of "surya" to refer to the sun. Some people consider Jayabaya's prophecy as being about the great war between native Surabayan people and foreign invaders at the start of the war of independence in 1945. Another story tells of two heroes who fought each other in order to be the king of the city. The two heroes were named Sura and Baya. These folk etymologies, though embraced enthusiastically by its people and city leaders, are unverifiable.

The earliest record of Surabaya was in the 1225 book Zhu fan zhi written by Zhao Rugua, in which it was called Jung-ya-lu,[5] the ancient name of Surabaya. Ma Huan documented the early fifteenth-century visit of Zheng He's treasure ships in his 1433 book Yingyai Shenglan: "after traveling south for more than twenty li, the ship reached Sulumayi, whose foreign name is Surabaya. At the estuary, the outflowing water is fresh".[6]

In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, Surabaya was a duchy and a major political and military power in eastern Java. It entered a conflict with, and was later captured by, the more powerful Sultanate of Mataram in 1625 under Sultan Agung.[7]:31 It was one of Mataram's fiercest campaigns, in which they had to conquer Surabaya's allies, Sukadana and Madura, and to lay siege to the city before capturing it. With this conquest, Mataram then controlled almost the whole of Java, with the exception of the Sultanate of Banten and the Dutch settlement of Batavia.[7]:31

The expanding Dutch East India Company took the city over from a weakened Mataram in November 1743. In consolidating its rule over Surabaya and, in time, the rest of East Java, the Dutch collaborated with leading regional magnates, including Ngabehi Soero Pernollo (1720–1776), his brother Han Bwee Kong, Kapitein der Chinezen (1727–1778) and the latter's son, Han Chan Piet, Majoor der Chinezen (1759–1827), all from the powerful Han family of Lasem.[8][9]

Surabaya became a major trading center under the Dutch colonial government, and hosted the largest naval base in the colony. Surabaya was also the largest city in the colony serving as the center of Java's plantation economy, industry and were supported by its natural harbor.[10] However, by 1920 a census recorded that Batavia has overtaken Surabaya's population size. In 1917, a revolt occurred among the soldiers and sailors of Surabaya, led by the Indies Social Democratic Association. The revolt was firmly crushed and the insurgents given harsh sentences.

Japan occupied the city in 1942, as part of the occupation of Indonesia, and it was bombed by the Allies in 1944. After Japanese surrender at the end of World War II Surabaya was seized by Indonesian nationalists. The young nation soon came into conflict with the British, who had become caretakers of the Dutch colony after the surrender of the Japanese.

The Battle of Surabaya, one of the well-known battles of the Indonesian revolution, started after the Arek-Arek Suroboyo (Teenagers of Surabaya) assassinated the British Brigadier Mallaby on October 30, 1945 near Jembatan Merah (the "Red Bridge"), allegedly with a stray bullet. The Allies gave an ultimatum to the Republicans inside the city to surrender, but they refused. The ensuing battle, which cost thousands of lives, took place on November 10, which Indonesians subsequently celebrate as Hari Pahlawan (Heroes' Day). The incident of the red-white flag (the Dutch flag at the top of Yamato Hotel's tower that was torn into the Indonesian red-white flag) by Bung Tomo is also recorded as a heroic feat during the struggle of this city.

The regencies surrounding Surabaya include:

Gresik, Bangkalan, Mojokerto, Surabaya, Sidoarjo and Lamongan comprise an extended metropolitan area which is called Gerbangkertosusila.

The Adhiwangsa, The Via & Vue, Taman Beverly, Trillium and Water Place Residences are five of the tallest skyscrapers in Surabaya, along with the BRI TowerBII Tower and Graha Pena.

Surabaya is a major shopping destination for Indonesians, with several large malls.

Surabaya is home to the Eastern Fleet, one of two fleets in the Indonesian Navy. Its strong maritime heritage is also represented in a form of KRI Pasopati Submarine Monument, a retired Russian Whiskey class submarine.

In June 2011, Surabaya received the Adipura Kencana Award as number one among 20 cities in Indonesia. Surabaya today has wide sidewalks and parks and was recorded by one reporter from Singapore as being clean and green.

Kebun Binatang Surabaya (Surabaya Zoo) or KBS, opened in 1916, was the first in the world to have successfully bred orangutans in captivity. Other interesting destinations include:

  • Masjid Cheng Ho (Zheng He Mosque), a recently built mosque, the first in Indonesia with Chinese-style architecture.
  • Masjid Al-Akbar Surabaya (Al-Akbar Mosque), the largest mosque in East Java.[citation needed]
  • Gereja Katolik Kelahiran Santa Perawan Maria, one of the first churches to be built in Indonesia, and the first one ever built in East Java.
  • Tugu Pahlawan (Hero monument), a 41 meter high monument, is the main symbol of Surabaya and commemorates the heroes of the revolutionary struggle. There is a museum on location as well, exhibiting reminders of the struggle for independence.
  • House of Sampoerna, a museum devoted to the history of clove cigarette (kretek) manufacturing in Indonesia, housed in Dutch colonial buildings dating to 1864.[14]
  • Jalesveva Jayamahe Monument, a large, admiral-like statue which commemorates the Indonesian Navy.
  • Monkasel, abbreviated from Monumen Kapal Selam (Submarine Monument[1] A Soviet-built Whiskey class submarine (named KRI Pasopati (410)), first launched in 1952, served in the Indonesian Navy from 1962 until decommissioned in 1990.[15] After her decommissioning, Pasopati was dismantled and transferred to its present site in 1996. The submarine was reassembled on the current site and opened as a museum and tourist attraction in 1998.
  • Pantai Kenjeran (Kenjeran Beach), located in the eastern of Surabaya, which also housed Sanggar Agung, a Chinese temple build over the sea.
  • Pasar Bong (Market of the Chinese Tomb), last resting place of Han Bwee Kong, Kapitein der Chinezen, magnate, mandarin and landlord in Surabaya and East Java, and patriarch of the patrician Han family of Lasem [16]
  • Rumah Abu Han (Han Ancestral Hall), a historic house that serves as a memorial temple for the ancestors of the Han family of Lasem[17][18]
  • Makam Sunan Ampel (Tomb of Sunan Ampel), a notable religious tourist destination in Java
  • Taman Bungkul (Bungkul Park), one of the most notable urban parks in Indonesia
  • Museum Nahdlatul Ulama, the resource center of the culture and history of Nahdatul Ulama, an independent Islamic religious organization.
  • Museum Bank Indonesia, a bank museum occupying the former De Javasche Bank built in 1904.




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Postgraduate School, Universitas Airlangga

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Selected Papers Will Be Published in Atlantis Press Conference Proceedings (SCOPUS/CPCI Indexed)

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